Monthly Archives: October 2017

Pulse Oximetry

Pulse oximetry is a diagnostic procedure that is used for checking the arterial oxygen saturation of hemoglobin. A pulse oximeter is a medical device that is often used in medical settings, especially for monitoring the pulse rate and amount of oxygen carried by the hemoglobin. How does pulse oximetry work and what do pulse oximetry readings signify? Scroll down so as to understand how does a pulse oximeter work along with the significance of this diagnostic procedure.
Why is Pulse Oximetry Recommended?
Oxygen is an element that is vital for one’s survival. As we breathe in air, the air travels into the lungs through bronchi, and the vital respiratory process of exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place within the microscopic alveolar sacs located in lungs. Oxygen from the inhaled air gets bound to hemoglobin. The heart, which is the most vital organ of the circulatory system, carries the oxygenated blood throughout the body. If the respiratory organs are unable to work, and the oxygen-replenished blood is unable to reach the various parts of the body, then a variety of vital bodily processes would surely get affected. If the levels of life-giving oxygen fall down to dangerously low levels, one may suffer from hypoxemia. Anxiety, disorientation, bluish discoloration of skin, palpitations or respiratory distress are some of the symptoms that may be caused due to low levels of oxygen in arterial blood. While blood tests can provide an insight into the hemoglobin levels, doctors may also conduct a pulse oximetry in order to ascertain the arterial oxygen saturation levels.
What do Pulse Oximetry Readings Signify?
Pulse oximetry is a non-invasive procedure that can help the doctors in determining the amount of oxygen that is actually carried by the hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Oxygen saturation values are determined by checking the ratio of quantity of hemoglobin that is carrying oxygen and the total amount of hemoglobin in one’s blood. Under normal circumstances, pulse oximetry values must lie between 95-99%. If the pulse oximetry results indicate blood oxygen saturation levels below 90%, a life-threatening situation can arise. In such cases, patient would be given supplemental oxygen so as to correct the imbalance in the blood oxygen levels. Oxygen saturation levels can be adversely affected due to ailments associated with the lungs or the heart. High altitudes, injury or carbon monoxide poisoning could also be responsible for low blood oxygen saturation. Under such circumstances, pulse oximetry levels would be lower than the normal range.

Dental Health Affects Your Overall

Irrespective of what age one may be, dental health is an important factor for keeping the oral cavity clean. To maintain good oral cavity it is important to keep your teeth clean. Keeping your gums clean will keep you away from various gum diseases, and keeping your teeth clean will keep cavities at bay. Also, proper care is also important for maintaining one’s overall well-being.

Practicing Proper Dental Care

Daily dental care such as brushing the teeth properly and flossing them generally helps in preventing dental problems. Avoid smoking and drinking, develop a healthy lifestyle, use proper equipment, and keep your toothbrush clean. These habits along help in keeping dental problems away. Also, change your toothbrush every three to four month.

Apart from visiting the dentist regularly, there are some simple practices that we can incorporate in our daily lives which can help reduce the chances of cavities in the teeth and gum disease. These are:
Brush your teeth twice a day, and floss everyday
Use a toothpaste which contains fluoride
Use a mouth rinse containing fluoride
Avoid snacking between meals, and maintain a well-balanced diet
Rinse your mouth thoroughly after meals
Brushing and Flossing Properly for Dental Health

In order to maintain dental health one needs to use the correct way of brushing and flossing the teeth:
Use a soft-bristle toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste. Gently brush the teeth in front, behind, and on the top for the molars.
Use short back and forth movements and small circular movements.
Brush gently and carefully along the line of the gum.
Also, brush your tongue gently in order to keep it clean.
One needs to use a dental floss in order to clean the spaces between the teeth. Flossing removes the food particles trapped between teeth, and plaque that cannot be accessed with a toothbrush. It is important to rinse your mouth after flossing.

In case of bleeding of the gums, or pain while flossing visit a dentist to find out the correct way to floss. A floss holder may be useful if one finds flossing difficult.

Common Dental Health Problems

Some of the common dental problems are:

Tooth Cavities or Decay: The outer coating of teeth, known as enamel, is hard, and gets covered with a thin layer of bacteria everyday. Eventually, this results in holes in the enamel, which are known as cavities or caries. Brushing as well as flossing daily can prevent tooth decay. A fluoride toothpaste can also be useful in preventing tooth cavities. One should consult a dentist if he/she discovers cavities.

Foods That Elevate Your Energy Levels for Running

Running is a high intensity sport that requires a lot of energy and stamina. Naturally, one needs to have a proper diet inclusive of foods that provide energy. Carbohydrates and proteins are essential to gain energy.
Foods that Boost Energy
Runners should have foods that contain good amounts of carbohydrates as they slowly release energy. This will help in prevention of hunger pangs while running. Whatever you eat should provide you around 200-300 calories.
Bananas

Bananas contain high amounts of carbohydrates among other fruits. At the same time, they also contain more than 100 calories.

Oatmeal Porridge

Nothing can beat breakfast oatmeal porridge for its nutritional value. A fortified porridge contains carbohydrate, proteins, and also other minerals (if you add berries and other fruits). Having it with skimmed or whole milk provides high energy.

Cereal Bars

Now, if you cannot have an oatmeal porridge before or after a running session, you can always go for cereals bars as a pre- and post-running snack. Among the many options available, you should go for the ones with high calories and carbohydrates, and less amount of sugar and other additives.
Pasta

Pasta is also a high energy food due to the high amounts of carbohydrates it contains. Pasta in any form, mixed with lean meats or chicken, is a slow energy releasing food. It contains proteins as well as carbohydrates.

Lean Beef

Lean beef is an excellent source of proteins and iron. Having a lean beef or lean steak sandwich helps in gaining iron, which helps in the prevention of fatigue in athletes.
Fruits and Vegetables

All kinds of fruits and vegetables should be included in the daily diet to gain the essential minerals, vitamins, and nutrients. Fruits and vegetables like berries, apples, potatoes, broccoli, etc., provide energy. Having a diet rich in fruits and vegetables will help in having a healthy body.

Glucose Drinks

Arguably, no other food or drink can provide instant energy as a glucose drink. They are available in different forms in the market under various brand names. Glucose drinks (without added sugar) are excellent sources of energy post running sessions or workouts as they are easily digested in the body. Along with glucose drinks, protein shakes are also helpful in gaining essential proteins.
Some More Energy Foods
Following is a list of other high energy foods:-
Lentil soup
Dried fruits and nuts
Whole-grain foods
Low-fat dairy foods
Rice Bran
Plain yogurt
Sweet potatoes

It’s Time to Be Selfish

Between household chores, careers, and caring for a spouse and children, where is the time to really take care of yourself? I have heard countless stories of women who have let themselves go and have lost themselves because they are so unselfish. It is very common to become so involved in giving to others that we fail to give to ourselves. Selfish care is so important to our emotional, physical and mental well-being, and we can’t ignore it. It is time for the busy woman to realize that she can care for others and take good care of herself as well.

Three common pitfalls

“I don’t have time for myself.” This is the oldest excuse in the book. Don’t fall into the trap of believing that there is no way to give yourself undivided time. You do have time; trust me.

“I feel guilty just taking time for myself.” This is a common feeling. Just the fact that you have this thought is a sure sign that you are a giving and caring person. Your loved ones have benefited from your dedication. It is time for you to benefit from attention given to yourself. You can actually give more to others if you are at your best.

“I don’t deserve self indulgence.” Think of the minutes, hours, days, years, weeks, and years that you dedicate to doing things for other people. As long as the amount of giving to others is more than the amount of time spent on yourself, you have every right to treat yourself.

Solutions for the excuses

Make time for yourself. You need to give yourself time alone to focus yourself. This doesn’t have to be 2 hours a day. All you need is about 15-30 minutes of undisturbed time. You may only do this one every other day or so. It doesn’t have to be the same time everyday. It may also be possible to have an extended ‘me time’ once a week (possibly for an hour or more). Make it often enough that have this special time before you burn out or become super-stressed.

Sometimes you will need to say no to people. It’s okay to do that. There is only so much time in a single day. It is important that you use it wisely. Prioritize, and learn to say no to the things that you just can’t do. Reduce the extra favors on your to do list. You are not a favor machine, you can say no.

Forget the guilt. Like I mentioned earlier, you can actually give more to others if you are at your best. Consider ‘me time’ as the charging of your batteries. You will have more to give if you are whole in yourself. If you feel better, others around you will also feel better. If you don’t take care of yourself, you will eventually suffer, and so will the other people that you want to take good care of.

You do deserve it. Taking time for yourself does not mean that you think you are the most important person in the world. It does mean, however, that you are important. You don’t have to put yourself at the top of your list, just don’t put yourself on the bottom. If everyone else around you is worthy of care and attention, then so are you. You not only deserve this time, but you need it for your own well-being.

What to do for yourself

Physical rejuvenation. There are several ways to rejuvenate the body. Exercise that involves stretching and focused breathing can truly refresh you. Moderate exercise has proven to improve mood and overall health. After a long hard day, there is also nothing like a nice hot bubble bath. There is also nothing wrong with taking your personal time to nap.

Beauty treatment. Make an appointment with the beauty salon. You can get your hair and nails done. You can also book a spa massage. If money is tight, you can always try your own new look, paint your own nails, or just spend a little extra time making yourself look better than you normally do. Looking your best will help you to feel your best.